There were 6 more monkeys than hippos at the zoo. There are 12 hippos. How many monkeys are there?
We have worked very hard on word problems this year at school. Many of our math standards are based on different types of word problems. When correctly solving all word problems, students should include 3 components: write the equation, show your math strategy, and explain your strategy.
For the sample word problem above, the equation would start off as:
12 + 6 = _____ We will fill in the answer later after we solve using a strategy.
Students can choose their strategy but need to show something on paper to represent their strategy. We can use math dots, base ten picture model for bigger numbers, number line, counting on or back (show as a number bond). We have practiced these strategies all year in school.
For this problem I might use math dots to draw the problem as my strategy.
OOOOO OOOOO OO (12 dots)
OOOOO O (6 dots)
After I count the dots, I get 18 in all. Now I go back and complete the equation from before.
12 + 6 = 18
Last, we need to explain our strategy. Please check your child's explanation carefully. We need to write in complete sentences and tell step by step what we did in our strategy. For this problem using a math dot picture strategy, a good explanation might be (usually 3 or more sentences) :
I drew 12 dots. Then I drew 6 more. I see 18 in all. There are 18 monkeys in all at the zoo.
***When students are "done," they need to check their work and make any needed corrections. If finished early, students may add an additional strategy or add to their explanation.